Somatostatin analogs have been examined as a treatment for somatostatin receptor overexpressing tumors for years; specifically, octreotate (TATE) and octreotide (TOC). Several versions of these analogs coupled to beta or gamma nuclides are currently used as imaging agents, as treatments with peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) for patients with neuroendocrine tumors or are being explored in preclinical and clinical settings. Our study describes the use of 212Pb-DOTAMTATE, the octreotate analog, in combination with 212Pb, the parent of an alpha emitter. Preclinical studies demonstrated tumor targeting of 212Pb-DOTAMTATE of >20% ID/g up to 24hrs post drug injection. The addition of kidney protection agents, including L-lysine and L-arginine decreases drug accumulation in the kidneys and the addition of ascorbic acid to the chelation mixture reduces oxidation of the drug product. 212Pb-DOTAMTATE displays a favorable toxicity profile with single dose injections of 20µCi showing 100% survival and with non-toxic cumulative doses up to 45µCi, when fractionated into three smaller doses of 15µCi. In an initial efficacy study, a single 10µCi of 212Pb-DOTAMTATE extended the mean survival 2.4-fold. Efficacy was enhanced by giving three treatment cycles of 212Pb-DOTAMTATE and reducing the time between injections to two weeks. Efficacy was optimized further by the addition of a chemo sensitizing agent, 5-fluorouracil, given in combination with three cycles of 10µCi 212Pb-DOTAMTATE. These conditions led to 79% of the animals being tumor free at the end of the 31-week study suggesting that 212Pb-DOTAMTATE alone or in combination with a chemotherapeutic may have positive clinical implications.
Copyright ©2019, American Association for Cancer Research.