Targeted alpha therapy for chronic lymphocytic leukaemia and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma with the anti-CD37 radioimmunoconjugate 212Pb-NNV003

Plos One - Astri Fjelde Maaland, Amal Saidi, Julien Torgue, Helen Heyerdahl, Tania A. Rozgaja Stallons, Arne Kolstad, Jostein Dahle

Abstract

Relapse of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma after standard of care treatment is common and new therapies are needed. The targeted alpha therapy with 212Pb-NNV003 presented in this study combines cytotoxic α-particles from 212Pb, with the anti-CD37 antibody NNV003, targeting B-cell malignancies. The goal of this study was to explore 212Pb-NNV003 for treatment of CD37 positive chronic lymphocytic leukaemia and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma in preclinical mouse models.

An anti-proliferative effect of 212Pb-NNV003 was observed in both chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (MEC-2) and Burkitt’s lymphoma (Daudi) cells in vitro. In biodistribution experiments, accumulation of 212Pb-NNV003 was 23%ID/g and 16%ID/g in Daudi and MEC-2 tumours 24 h post injection. In two intravenous animal models 90% of the mice treated with a single injection of 212Pb-NNV003 were alive 28 weeks post cell injection. Median survival times of control groups were 5–9 weeks. There was no significant difference between different specific activities of 212Pb-NNV003 with regards to therapeutic effect or toxicity. For therapeutically effective activities, a transient haematological toxicity was observed.

This study shows that 212Pb-NNV003 is effective and safe in preclinical models of CD37 positive chronic lymphocytic leukaemia and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, warranting future clinical testing.

Copyright © 2020 Maaland et al.

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